For a Board of Education to transact business, a quorum must be present. State law establishes that a majority of the Board constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business at any Board meeting.
Should there be fewer than a quorum present at a regular or special meeting, the members present may do one of three things; they may properly recess; they may adjourn until a specified time they set for an adjourned meeting, which will be deemed a regular meeting; or they may take measures to obtain a quorum.
A vote of the majority of the total number of the members of the Board is required to adopt any resolution. Where a statute requires a higher percentage of the total number to pass a resolution on a specific topic, that percentage is required.
In the event of a meeting in which only the minimum number of members necessary to constitute a quorum are present, final action on resolutions may only be taken by the affirmative vote of all members present.
Ref: General Construction Law Section 41
Education Law Sections 2590-j.4, 3016 General Municipal Law Section 802